Elective courses provide students with an opportunity to enhance their knowledge, skills, professional attitude, values, and beliefs beyond that provided by the core curriculum. Students should make every effort to learn from these elective courses to complement their professional education and enhance their careers. To ensure you are on track with requirements, current students may review their HUB Academic Advisement Report (AAR)

Elective Policies

  • Eight (8) elective credit hours are required (except for dual degree students) before starting your P4 rotations.
  • Eligible courses to apply towards the required electives are PHM and PHC courses offered by SPPS as well as approved outside/non-SPPS courses.
  • Be sure your selected electives do not conflict with your block schedule.
  • Up to one (1) approved non-SPPS course (up to 3 credits) may count toward the professional elective requirement. These include:
    1. Approved non-PHM or non-PHC courses at UB. The course will apply to your overall Pharmacy GPA.
    2. Approved non-UB courses at other accredited pharmacy schools. Students will register for the course through the other institution. Submit requests for approval and proof of completion to pharm-advise@buffalo.edu.
    3. Cross-listed courses taught by other departments are considered non-SPPS.
  • Extra PHM or PHC SPPS electives will apply to your overall Pharmacy GPA. Extra non-PHM or non-PHC electives will not apply to your overall Pharmacy GPA.
  • To request approval to enroll in a course that is not in the approved list, email pharm-advise@buffalo.edu. A student will not receive professional elective credit without approval. Non-SPPS courses must be clearly related to your future practice in pharmacy and must be at an appropriate level (generally numbered at least 400 or above).
  • A professional elective must be taken for a letter grade. You must earn a C or higher to earn credit towards your degree.
  • Courses taken prior to admission to the PharmD program cannot be used as elective credit.
  • Courses taken to satisfy another degree (unless specifically spelled out in an approved joint or dual degree program) cannot be used as elective credit.
  • Students may take undergraduate or graduate electives. You will need to submit the form: Petition for Course Outside of Your Primary Academic Career and return to Christine Stumm (279 Pharmacy Building). The course will not apply to your overall Pharmacy GPA.
  • Students may not take any courses during their fourth professional year.

Independent Studies and Research

For Independent Studies, please refer to the List of Elective Options and contact the SPPS faculty member directly. Credit hours vary from 1 to 6. When registering, it defaults to one credit so be sure to adjust this accordingly. Note: if you are seeking an independent study with an outside faculty member and wish for it to count toward your elective requirements, you must seek prior approval by emailing pharm-advise@buffalo.edu.

Supervised Teaching/Teaching Assistant (TA)

In order to be a teaching assistant (TA), students must apply. TA credits count as electives and students register for PHM 798 Supervised Teaching. There are about 85-90 TA's each year. If you are taking PHM 599, please register for 2 credits if you are in the Scholars Program and 1 credit if you are not. There is no limit on the number of elective credits you can earn as a TA (you can TA multiple times if you choose).

Electives for Programs

Students enrolled in a dual/collaborative degree program will satisfy their elective requirements with courses from the other school.