Program Outcomes

To achieve the mission of our PharmD program, students must develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that enable them to competently perform these functions. The following outcomes reflect the terminal skills that all UB PharmD graduates should be able to demonstrate upon program completion.  

Patient/Pharmaceutical Care

  • Provide high quality, evidence-based, patient-centered care in cooperation with patients, prescribers and members of the interprofessional health care team
  • Promote health and wellness and disease prevention
  • Provide pharmaceutical care including, but not limited to, Medication Therapy Management (MTM), vaccinations and drug therapy monitoring in all practice areas (e.g., inpatient, ambulatory and community practice)
  • Provide culturally competent pharmaceutical care and demonstrate cultural competence in all interactions
  • Appropriately address patient-specific and population-specific needs

Medical and Science Foundations

  • Demonstrate mastery and application of core knowledge and skills in relation to the evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social-behavioral sciences. This includes competency in areas supporting high quality pharmacy practice (e.g., pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacology, pathophysiology, pharmacotherapeutics, and pharmaceutical care) 
  • Demonstrate the ability to use critical analysis and problem solving skills for the provision of high quality, evidence-based pharmacy services and patient care

Practice Based Learning and Improvement

  • Evaluate practice and care, and promote continuous improvement in one's own patient care and pharmacy services
  • Demonstrate self-calibration skills and a commitment to the lifelong learning needed to provide high quality care
  • Locate, appraise and assimilate evidence from scientific studies to enhance the quality of care and services
  • Effectively utilize information, informatics and technology to optimize learning and patient care 

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

  • Demonstrate effective interpersonal written and verbal skills, adapt to socioeconomic and cultural factors as well as situational applications
  • Effectively educate families, patients, caregivers and other HCPs
  • Function effectively in a team
  • Act in a consultative position for other members of the health care team, regulatory agencies and policy makers


  • Demonstrate exemplary professional, ethical and legal behaviors, complying with all federal, state and local laws and regulations related to pharmacy practice
  • Contribute to the training of pharmacy students, future colleagues, and the growth and success of the profession
  • Demonstrate the respect for patient privacy and autonomy, as well as sensitivity and responsiveness to diverse patient populations
  • Demonstrate a high degree of integrity, truthfulness and fairness
  • Demonstrate initiative, reliability and follow-through in fulfilling commitments

Systems Based Practice and Management

  • Demonstrate awareness and responsiveness to the system of health care, effectively utilizing systems of care to provide cost-effective, optimal care
  • Incorporate cost awareness and risk-benefit analysis in patient and/or population-based care; this includes applying pharmacoeconomic principles to health outcomes and patient care
  • Effectively manage medication use systems
  • Prioritize patient safety and public health
  • Advocate for quality patient care and optimal health care
  • Work on interprofessional teams to enhance quality and safety
  • Participate in identifying system errors