Pharmacy Career Attributes

Clinical Pharmacokinetics – The application of pharmacokinetic principles to individualize drug therapy in patients in order to maximize safety and efficiency while minimizing toxicity to the patient.

Clinical sciences – Practice concerned with or based on actual observation and treatment of disease in patients rather than experimentation or theory.

Compounding Pharmacy – Compounded medications are made based on a practitioner’s prescription in which individual ingredients are mixed together in the exact strength and dosage form required by the patient. Compounding pharmacist work with the patient and the prescriber to customize a medication to meet the patient’s specific needs.

Cultural competency – Level of knowledge-based skills required to provide effective clinical care to patients in cross-cultural situations.

Entrepreneurism – Enterprise or company groups that is managed or organized by individuals through leadership. This is often used in a business setting.

Global Health – Area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide

Health and Wellness – Level of knowledge-based skills required to provide effective clinical care to patients in cross-cultural situations.

Health Literacy – One of the social determinants of health referring to the degree to which an individual can obtain and process basic health information to understand and make appropriate health decisions.

History of Pharmacy – Foundation and development of pharmacy practice overtime

Interprofessional – Two or more professions working together collaboratively.

Leadership – Leadership involves inspiring others.  It is a function of knowing yourself, creating a culture of trust and open communication, having a vision that is well communicated, empowering others, taking a broad view of situations, and forming strategic alliances.

Medication use system – A complex process comprised of medication prescribing, order processing, dispensing, administration, and effects monitoring (e.g., intended or unintended effects).

Patient-centered care – Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values, and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions.

Pharmaceutical Sciences – Integrative science disciplines (e.g., pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology, toxicology, and medicinal chemistry) taught in the professional pharmacy curriculum that, collectively explain drug actions.

Pharmacoeconomic – Description and analysis of the costs of drug therapy to health care systems and society – it identifies, measures, and compares the costs and consequences of pharmaceutical products and services.

Pharmacoepidemiology – The application of pharmacokinetic principles to individualize drug therapy in patients in order to maximize safety and efficiency while minimizing toxicity to the patient.

Pharmacy Law and Regulatory Affairs – Legal pharmacy practice issues and regulation of appropriate medication use.

Pharmacy Outcome – Patient or client health status that is influenced by pharmacy intervention and recorded at specific times for an episode of care

Political/Advocacy – Activity by an individual or group which aims to influence decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions.

Practice Management – Identifying, implementing, and overseeing resources to effectively accomplish specific projects or processes

Public Health – Health of the population as a whole, especially as monitored, regulated, and promoted by the state.

Self-Care Pharmacotherapy – Evaluation of performance relating to over-the-counter (OTC) products and self-medication needs.

Social, Behavioral, and Administrative Sciences – The disciplines and concepts of public health, epidemiology, economics, financial management, health behavior, outcomes, biostatistics and research methods, law and ethics, healthcare administration, management, and operations, marketing, communications, medication distribution systems taught within the professional pharmacy curriculum.

Pharmacy communication – Communications to promote health changes in individuals and communities, using strategies and tactics based on pharmaceutical care and consumer research.

Population Based Care – A comprehensive care approach where practitioners assess the health needs of a specific population, implement and evaluate interventions to improve the health of that population, and provide care for individual patients in the context of the culture, health status, and health needs of the populations of which that patient is a member.

Population Health Management – A set of interventions designed to maintain and improve people’s health across the full continuum of care—from low-risk, healthy individuals to high-risk individuals with one or more  chronic conditions

Science Research – Methodical study in order to prove a hypothesis or answer a specific question.

Technology (Pharmacy) – Scientific or industrial process, invention, method, or the like, that aims for pharmacy advancement.  

Transition of Care – The movement of a patient from one setting of care (e.g., hospital, ambulatory primary care clinic, ambulatory specialty care clinic, long-term care facility, home health, rehabilitation facility) to another.